a Neolithic tomb or monument consisting of a large, flat stone laid across upright stones; cromlech
Origin of dolmenFrench from Breton taol, table + men, stone
A Neolithic tomb consisting of two or more upright stones with a capstone, believed to have been buried in earth except for a central opening.
Origin of dolmenFrench ( introduced in 1792 as a technical term by Théophile Malo de La Tour d'Auvergne-Corret, French soldier and antiquarian ) either from Cornish dolmen form (with grammatical mutation of the initial consonant) of tolmen dolmen, literally “hole of stone” (Cornish tol hole (since people or animals can pass under a dolmen) ) (Welsh twll ) (Old Irish toll ) (Cornish men stone ) (Breton maen ; see menhir . ) or from misinterpretation of Breton daolvaen form (with grammatical mutation of the initial consonant) of taolvaen literally, “table of stone” (Breton taol table ) ( from Middle Breton) ( from Latin tabula board ) (Breton maen stone ; see menhir . )
Kilclooney Dolmen near Ardara,
County Donegal, Ireland