Origin of dolmenFrench from Breton taol, table + men, stone
a Neolithic tomb or monument consisting of a large, flat stone laid across upright stones; cromlech
A Neolithic tomb consisting of two or more upright stones with a capstone, believed to have been buried in earth except for a central opening.
Origin of dolmenFrench ( introduced in 1792 as a technical term by Théophile Malo de La Tour d'Auvergne-Corret, French soldier and antiquarian ) either from Cornish dolmen form (with grammatical mutation of the initial consonant) of tolmen dolmen, literally “hole of stone” (Cornish tol hole (since people or animals can pass under a dolmen) ) (Welsh twll ) (Old Irish toll ) (Cornish men stone ) (Breton maen ; see menhir . ) or from misinterpretation of Breton daolvaen form (with grammatical mutation of the initial consonant) of taolvaen literally, “table of stone” (Breton taol table ) ( from Middle Breton) ( from Latin tabula board ) (Breton maen stone ; see menhir . )
Kilclooney Dolmen near Ardara,
County Donegal, Ireland
- The dolmen-builders of the New Stone Age are now known to have long occupied both Korea and Japan, from which advanced Asiatic lands they may have found little difficulty in spreading over the Polynesian world, just as in the extreme west they were able to range over Scandinavia, Great Britain and Ireland.
- The custom of burning the body commenced in the Stone Age, before the long barrow or the dolmen had passed out of use.
- Within the larger circle were two smaller ones, placed not in the axis of the great one but on its north-eastern side, each of which consisted of a double concentric ring of stones; the centre being in one case a menhir or pillar, in the other a dolmen or tablestone resting on two uprights.