Dict.) it is clear that "spruce" a variant of "pruce," simply stood for Prussian; the form "spruce," rather than "pruce," being established partly by the German Sprossen, sprouts or young shoots (seen in Sprossen-bier, spruce beer, made of the sprouts of this fir).
Dict., s.v.; see also Slavs.
Dict., 1910) accepts Diez's suggestion that the word is originally a sailor's term, and is to be referred to Sp. risco, a steep rock, from Lat.
Dict.) derives the word "shrive," of which "shrove" is the past tense, ultimately from the Lat.
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