Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is defined as a metabolic disorder that causes your body to be unable to properly produce insulin and regulate its blood sugar levels.
Major Causes of Diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes - comes from some type of immunological event that destroys the inability of the pancreas to secrete insulin.
- Type 2 diabetes - happens when either the pancreas is not making enough insulin or the body has grown resistant to it and the cells can’t use the glucose.
- Gestational diabetes - occurs when a woman is pregnant and is caused from certain hormones that are present during pregnancy.
- Heredity - a person can be genetically predisposed to diabetes.
- Age – 80% of diabetes cases occur after the age of 50.
- Malnutrition or poor diet – Lack of nutrition, low intake of fiber and protein, plus the high intake of processed and refined food products are major reasons for diabetes.
- Obesity – Too much fat in your body can make the cells resistant to the insulin.
- Inactive Lifestyle – Those who have sedentary lifestyles are more likely to have diabetes.
- Stress – Emotional or physical disturbances can change the glucose levels and affect your metabolism.
- Drugs – There are several drugs that are known to potentially induce diabetes including Quetiapine (Seroquel), clozapine (Clozaril), ziprasidone (Geodon), risperidone (Risperdal), and olanzapine (Zyprexa)
- Infection – Straphylococci is supposedly responsible for causing infection in the pancreas thus affecting insulin production.
- Gender – Diabetes is more common in elderly men or women with multiple pregnancies or those suffering from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.
- Hypertension – Studies have shown that high blood pressure is directly related to diabetes.
- Lipoproteins and Serum lipids – High cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood are connected to high blood sugar levels.
Facts About Diabetes
- 25.8 million children and adults in the United States—8.3% of the population—had diabetes as of 2011.
- 79 million people are prediabetic.
- Diabetes contributed to over 230,000 deaths in the U.S. in 2007.
- Adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates about 2 to 4 times higher than adults without diabetes.
- Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness among adults aged 20–74.
- Diabetes is the leading cause of renal failure.
- Symptoms of diabetes include thirst, weight loss, tiredness, hunger and frequent urination.
- Treatment of diabetes includes insulin, either in injections or pill form.
- An example of diabetes is when your body can't produce enough insulin on its own, and eating too much sugar makes your blood sugar spike.
- An example of diabetes is Type 1 diabetes (when the body does not have the capacity to produce enough insulin) which accounts for around 10% of the total diabetics in the U.S.
- An example of diabetes is Type 2 diabetes (when the body does not use insulin properly), which accounts for 90% of the the diabetics in the U.S., is typically brought on by a lifetime of poor health decisions.
Origin: ME diabete < L diabetes, a siphon (in LL, diabetes) < Gr diabētēs < diabainein, to pass through < dia (see dia-)
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Origin: Middle English diabete, from Medieval Latin diabētēs, from Latin, from Greek, siphon, diabetes, from diabainein, to cross over, straddle : dia-, dia- + bainein, to go; see gwā- in Indo-European roots.Word History: Diabetes is named for one of its distressing symptoms. The disease was known to the Greeks as diabētēs, a word derived from the verb diabainein, made up of the prefix dia-, “across, apart,” and the word bainein, “to walk, stand.” The verb diabeinein meant “to stride, walk, or stand with legs asunder”; hence, its derivative diabētēs meant “one that straddles,” or specifically “a compass, siphon.” The sense “siphon” gave rise to the use of diabētēs as the name for a disease involving the discharge of excessive amounts of urine. Diabetes is first recorded in English, in the form diabete, in a medical text written around 1425.
diabetes - Medical Definition