Origin of DeuteronomyEcclesiastical Late Latin Deuteronomium from Classical Greek Deuteronomion: see deutero- and -nomy
Origin of DeuteronomyLate Latin deuteronomium from Greek deuteronomion a second law ( from (to) deuteronomion (touto) ) ( Septuagint mistranslation of Hebrew mišnê hattôrâ hazzō't a copy of this law ) deuteros second ; see deu-1 in Indo-European roots. nomos law ; see nem- in Indo-European roots.
- The fifth of the Books of Moses in the Old Testament of the Bible, the fifth book in the Torah.
From the name which the book bears in the Septuagint (Ancient Greek Δευτερονόμιον (Deuteronomion) and in the Vulgate Latin Deuteronomium). This is based upon the erroneous Septuagint rendering of משנה התורה הזאת (mishnah ha-torah ha-zot) (xvii. 18), which grammatically can mean only "a repetition [that is, a copy] of this law," but which is rendered by the Septuagint τὸ Δευτερουόμιου τοῦτο, as though the expression meant "this repetition of the law."
- His ritual code (xliii.-xlvi.), which in elaborateness stands midway between that of Deuteronomy and that of the middle books of the Pentateuch (resembling most nearly the code of Lev.
- Collections of laws are found in Deuteronomy and in exilic and post-exilic writings; groups of a relatively earlier type are preserved in Exod.
- The influence of Deuteronomy upon subsequent books of the Old Testament is very perceptible.
- On the other hand the better party among the priests, believing the ritual to be necessary, might undertake to moralize it; of such a movement, begun by Deuteronomy, Ezekiel is the most eminent representative.
- Weighty reasons are brought also by conservative writers against the theory that Deuteronomy dates from or about the age of Josiah, and their objections to the " discovery " of a new law-roll apply equally to the " re-discovery " and promulgation of an old and authentic code.