- a bending or sloping downward; slope; descent
- a falling off or away; decline; deterioration
Origin of declensionfrom the concept of cases as “declining” from the nominative: cf. case, nounGram.
- a class of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives having the same or a similar system of inflections to show case
- the inflection of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives
Origin of declensionMiddle English declenson from Old French declinaison from Classical Latin declinatio, a bending aside, inflection ( from past participle of declinare: see decline): Middle English form influenced, influence by associated, association with Classical Latin descensio, a descending: see descend
- Linguistics a. In certain languages, the inflection of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives with respect to categories such as case, number, and gender.b. A class of words of one language with the same or a similar system of inflections, such as the first declension in Latin.
- A descending slope; a descent.
- A decline or decrease; deterioration: “States and empires have their periods of declension” ( Laurence Sterne )
- A deviation, as from a standard or practice.
Origin of declensionMiddle English declenson from Old French declinaison from Latin dēclīnātiō dēclīnātiōn- grammatical declension, declination ; see declination .
- (grammar): A way of categorizing nouns, pronouns, or adjectives according to the inflections they receive.
- In Latin, 'amicus' belongs to the second declension. Most second-declension nouns end in '-i' in the genitive singular and '-um' in the accusative singular.
- (grammar): The act of declining a word; the act of listing the inflections of a noun, pronoun or adjective in order.
From Middle English declenson, from Middle French declinaison (Modern French: déclinaison), from Latin declinatio (gen. declinationis)