Darius fled northwards from Ecbatana upon his approach.
The fraud was short-lived, and Darius I.
We have no means of explaining this statement, nor can we fully understand all the incidents connected with his usurpation; but the attempts of modern authors to prove that Gaumata in reality was the genuine Smerdis and Darius a usurper have failed.
His passage through Cilicia was marked by a violent fever that arrested him for a while in Tarsus, and meantime a great Persian army was waiting for him in northern Syria under the command of Darius himself.
To cut Alexander's communications with the rear, Darius now committed the error of entangling his large force in the mountain defiles.