- peninsula south of the mainland of Ukraine, extending into the Black Sea: c. 10,000 sq mi (25,900 sq km): formerly with the
- autonomous republic of Ukraine, coextensive with this peninsula: cap. Simferopol
A region and peninsula of southern Ukraine on the Black Sea and Sea of Azov. In ancient times it was colonized by Greeks and Romans and later overrun by Ostrogoths, Huns, and Mongols. Conquered by the Ottoman Turks in 1475, the area was annexed by Russia in 1783. The peninsula was the scene of the Crimean War (1853-1856), in which a coalition of English, French, and Turkish troops defeated the Russians, although Crimea itself did not change hands. An autonomous Russian republic after 1921, it was transferred to the Ukrainian SSR in 1954. In 2014, in an internationally disputed referendum, Crimea voted to secede from Ukraine and reintegrate with Russia.
- A peninsula which juts southwards out of the Ukrainian mainland (to which it is connected by the Isthmus of Perekop) into the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.
- Any of several political entities which have occupied the peninsula, such as:
- The Crimean ulus of the Golden Horde
- Crimean Khanate
- Taurida Oblast
- Taurida Guberniya
- Crimean People’s Republic
- Taurida Soviet Socialist Republic
- First Crimean Regional Government
- Second Crimean Regional Government
- Crimean Socialist Soviet Republic
- Government of South Russia
- The Crimean ASSR of the Russian SFSR (1921–1945).
- Teilbezirk Taurien of Reichskommissariat Ukraine
- The Crimean Oblast of the Russian SFSR (1945–1954).
- The Crimean Oblast of the Ukrainian SSR (1954–1991).
- The Crimean ASSR of the Ukrainian SSR (1991–1992).
- The Autonomous Republic of Crimea with Ukraine (1992–present).
- (this is a hot word and may be deleted in the future) The Republic of Crimea, proclaimed and occupied by Russia, but not recognized by other states, in March of 2014.
- (this is a hot word and may be deleted in the future) The Crimean Federal District, including the Republic of Crimea and city of Sevastopol, proclaimed and occupied by Russia, but not recognized by other states, in March of 2014.
Often with the article: the Crimea.