a person whose job is to produce a verbatim record of the oral remarks and statements, esp. testimony, presented at a court trial, deposition, etc.
A stenographer who makes a verbatim record and transcription of court proceedings.
court reporter - Legal Definition
A person (often certified) who makes, by stenography, electronic recording devices, or other means, a verbatim record of all that is said in a trial, deposition, or similar proceeding and from which, if requested (and usually for a fee), a transcript can be prepared.