The official name in the U.S. Government for the Ojibwe nation and their Algonquian language. Most of the people reside in Canada, where they are called Ojibwe. Their name for themselves is Anishinaabe.
During the War of 1812 Vermont troops took part in the battles of Chippewa, Lundy's Lane, Lake Erie and Plattsburgh; but the only engagement in the state itself was the defence of Fort Cassin (at the mouth of Otter Creek in the N.W.
The opening of the Chippewa lands in the northwest and the coming of peace marked the beginning of a new period of rapid growth, the Federal census of 1870 showing a population of 439,706, or a gain of 75.8% in five years.
In October 1898 there was an uprising of the Pillager band of Chippewa Indians at Leech Lake, which was quelled by the prompt action of Federal troops.
OJIBWAY (OJIBWA), Or Chippeway (Chippewa), the name given by the English to a large tribe of North American Indians of Algonquian stock.
The name is a Chippewa word meaning "first" or "he goes before," and is said to have been chosen at the request of the Pioneer Iron Company as an equivalent for "Pioneer."