designating or of the group of Indo-European languages, including Germanic, Italic, Hellenic, Celtic, Anatolian, and Tocharian, in which a complicated but systematic development of the Indo-European palatals and labiovelars sets these languages apart from those of the satem group
Origin of centumL, hundred: so named because the initial velar stop of Classical Latin centum illustrates the typical development in this group from the Indo-European palatal stop; that is , Indo-European ? uncertain or unknown; perhaps centum k, satem š (?)
Designating those Indo-European languages, including the Italic, Hellenic, Celtic, and Germanic branches, that merged the palatal velar stops with the plain velars k, g, gh and maintained a distinction between them and the labiovelars kw, gw, gwh.
Origin of centumLatin, hundred (a word whose initial sound in classical Latin illustrates the preservation of the Indo-European palatal velar as a velar k); see dek&mlowring; in Indo-European roots.
- Alternative spelling of centum.