- The definition of satem is being of a group of particular Indo-European languages.
An example of something satem is the Armenian language.
designating or of the group of Indo-European languages, including Indo-Iranian, Slavic, Baltic, Albanian, and Armenian, in which a prehistoric change of certain original stops into sibilants sets these languages apart from those of the centum group
Origin of satem; from Avestan satəm, hundred ; from Sanskrit sátám: see hundred): so named because the initial sound illustrates the typical development in this group of the Indo-European palatal stop, which in the centum group is a velar stop
Designating those Indo-European languages, including the Indo-Iranian, Armenian, and Balto-Slavic branches, in which original palatal velar stops became fricatives (as k' > s or š) and labiovelar stops became plain velars (as kw > k).
Origin of satemAvestan sat&schwa;m, hundred (a word whose initial sound illustrates the change); see dek&mlowring; in Indo-European roots.
- Alternative spelling of satem.