Origin of celt; from Medieval Latin celtis ; from Late Latin an unverified form celtis ; from Vulgate vel celte sculpantur in silice (Job 19:24); probably ghost word (certe in other mss.) adopted as genuine by archaeologists
- a person who speaks a Celtic language or a descendant of such a person: the Bretons, Irish, Welsh, and Highland Scots are Celts
- a member of an ancient people in central and W Europe, reputedly including the Gauls and Britons
Origin of CeltFrench Celte, origin, originally , Breton ; from Classical Latin Celta, plural Celtae (Gr Keltoi), the Gauls
Origin of celtMedieval Latin celtis, chisel probably back-formed from celte, a word found in some manuscripts of the Vulgate (Job 14:24) and interpreted as the ablative of a Latin *celtis, chisel, but probably a misreading of Latin certē, certainly.
- One of an Indo-European people originally of central Europe and spreading to western Europe, the British Isles, and southeast to Galatia during pre-Roman times, especially a Briton or Gaul.
- A native speaker of a modern Celtic language or a descendant of such a speaker, especially a modern Gael, Welsh person, Cornish person, or Breton.
Origin of CeltFrench Celte, sing. of Celtes, Celts, from Latin Celtae, from Greek Keltoi.
- a prehistoric chisel-bladed tool
From Latin celtis (“chisel”).
- A member of one of the ancient peoples of Western Europe called Celtae by the Romans.
- A member of one of the (modern, Celtic) peoples who speak Celtic languages. (Compare Gael.)
Via Latin Celtae (singular Celta) from Ancient Greek Kελτοί (Keltoi).
English Celts is from the 17th century. Until the mid 19th century, IPA: /sɛlt/ is the only recorded pronunciation. A consciously archaizing pronunciation IPA: /kɛlt/ is advocated in Irish and Welsh nationalism beginning in the 1850s.