country in the SE Balkan Peninsula, on the Black Sea: founded in the 7th cent. & under Turkish rule from the late 14th cent. until 1878; gained full independence in 1908: 42,823 sq mi (110,910 sq km); cap. Sofia
A country of southeast Europe on the Black Sea. Settled in the 6th century AD by Slavs, it was subject to the Ottoman Empire from the late 14th century until 1908, when it became an independent kingdom. The Soviet Union invaded in 1944 and established the People's Republic of Bulgaria. Communist rule came to an end in 1989, and a democratic constitution was established in 1991. Sofia is the capital and the largest city.
- A country in Southeastern Europe. Official name: Republic of Bulgaria.
Bulgar + -ia, from the Middle Latin, in English used from the 16th century.