country in SE Europe, on the Black Sea: founded in the 7th cent. & under Turkish rule from the late 14th cent. until 1878; gained full independence in 1908: 42,855 sq mi (110,994 sq km); pop. 8,473,000; cap. Sofia
See Bulgaria in American Heritage Dictionary 4
A country of southeast Europe on the Black Sea. Settled in the 6th century A.D. by Slavs, it was subject to the Ottoman Empire from the late 14th century until 1908, when it became an independent kingdom. The Soviet Union invaded in 1944 and established the People's Republic of Bulgaria in 1947. Communist rule came to an end in 1989, and a democratic constitution was established in 1991. Sofia is the capital and the largest city. Population: 7,320,000.