Budapest is situated on both banks of the Danube, and is formed of the former towns of Buda (Ger.
Ofen) together with 0-Buda (Ger.
On the other the ancient town of Buda straggles capriciously over a series of small and steep hills, commanded by the fortress and the Blocksberg (770 ft.
M., and is divided into ten municipal districts, namely Var (Festung), Viziváros (Wasserstadt), 6-Buda (Alt-Ofen), all on the right bank, belonging to Buda, and Belvaros (Inner City), Lipotvaros (Leopoldstadt), Terezvaros (Theresienstadt), Erzsebetvaros (Elisabethstadt), Jozsefvaros (Josephstadt), Ferenczvaros (Franzstadt), and Kobanya (Steinbruch), all on the left bank, belonging to Pest.
Buda, with its royal palace, the various ministries, and other government offices, is the official centre, while Pest is the commercial and industrial part, as well as the centre of the nationalistic and intellectual life of the town.