- Bingham and many of the older writers held that there were four classes of catechumens, representing different stages in the process of instruction: (a) " The inquirers" whose interest in Christianity had been sufficiently aroused to make them desire further information, and who received private and individual instruction from the teachers before they were admitted into the second class.
Bingham, however, maintains that the reference is not to the consecrated bread, but to salt, which was given to them as a symbol "that they might learn to purge and cleanse their souls from sin."
Bingham of Farwell, Michigan, U.S.A., is the one most used in America and in the United Kingdom.
In the names of these Tudor deputies and other officers we see the origin of many great Irish families - Skeffington, Brabazon, St Leger, Fitzwilliam, Wingfield, Bellingham, Carew, Bingham, Loftus and others.
See Joseph Bingham, Origines ecclesiasticae (1840); Du Cange, Glossarium med.