69 the town was attacked by the partisans of Vespasian, and was frequently besieged in the Gothic wars.
In 1642 York was garrisoned by Royalists and besieged by the parliament.
And 352 B.C., Citium led the side loyal to Persia and was besieged by an Athenian force in 449 B.C.; its extensive necropolis proves that it remained a considerable city even after the Greek cause triumphed with Alexander.
Friendly relations had subsisted between Suleiman and Ferdinand during the expedition to Persia; but on the death of Zapolya in 1539 Ferdinand claimed Hungary and besieged Budapest with a large force.