69 the town was attacked by the partisans of Vespasian, and was frequently besieged in the Gothic wars.
In 1642 York was garrisoned by Royalists and besieged by the parliament.
And 352 B.C., Citium led the side loyal to Persia and was besieged by an Athenian force in 449 B.C.; its extensive necropolis proves that it remained a considerable city even after the Greek cause triumphed with Alexander.
It occupies the site of a fortress erected in the time of Alexander II., which was besieged in 1303 by Edward I.