Beijing's business district at night.
capital of China, in the NE part: pop. 10,820,000: formerly Peking
The capital of China, in the northeast part of the country. It served as Kublai Khan's capital (13th century) and the capital of the Ming and Qing dynasties (1421–1911). From 1928 to 1949 it was known as Peiping. It is a major commercial and industrial center and the political, educational, and cultural center of the country.Usage Note: Although some people pronounce the capital of China as (bā′zhĭng′), with a (zh) sound in place of the (j) sound, the pronunciation with the (j) sound is a much better approximation of the Chinese pronunciation. In fact, most people who speak Chinese would consider the (zh) pronunciation to be incorrect.