Beijing[bā jiŋ′, -z̸hiŋ′]
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
also Pe·king Formerly (1928-1949) Pei·ping
beijing - Cultural Definition
Capital of the People's Republic of China, located in the northeast region of the country. It is the second-largest city of China (after Shanghai) and the political, cultural, financial, educational, and transportation center of the country. The West knew it for many years as Peking.
- In 1949, the Chinese communists declared Beijing the capital of the People's Republic of China.
- The Forbidden City, within the inner or Tatar City, was the residence of the emperor of China.
- Site of Tiananmen Square, where communist leaders suppressed a democratic protest in June 1989.