Origin of barbicanMiddle English from Old French barbacane from Medieval Latin barbacana from uncertain or unknown; perhaps
a defensive tower or similar fortification at a gate or bridge leading into a town or castle
A tower or other fortification on the approach to a castle or town, especially one at a gate or drawbridge.
Origin of barbicanMiddle English from Old French barbacane from Medieval Latin barbacana from Persian barbārkhān barbār guard ( from Old Iranian parivāraka- protective ; see wer-4 in Indo-European roots.) khān house ( from Middle Persian)
- As regards names derived from ancient buildings, instances are the streets called London Wall and Barbican, and those named after the numerous gates.
- Others are Bootham Bar, the main entrance from the N., also having a Norman arch; Monk Bar (N.E.), formerly called Goodramgate, but renamed in honour of General Monk, and Walmgate Bar, of the time of Edward I., retaining the barbican repaired in 1648.