capital of Iraq, on the Tigris River: as the capital of a caliphate, it flourished (8th-9th cent.) as a commercial & cultural center and the chief city of Islam
The capital and largest city of Iraq, in the center of the country on the Tigris River. Founded in the eighth century, it was heavily damaged by US forces during the Gulf War and the Iraq War.x
From Middle Persian [script?] (bag-dād, bag-dāt, “given by god”), from Old Persian (bagadāta). Compare Avestan [script?] (bağō-dâta).
- Tigris (1900); Guy Le Strange, " Description of Mesopotamia," in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1895), and Baghdad under the Abbasid Caliphate (1901); J.
- BAGDAD, or BAGHDAD, the capital of the Turkish vilayet of the same name.
- Groves, Residence in Baghdad (1830-1832); Transactions of Bombay Geog.
- Le Strange, Description of Mesopotamia and Baghdad about A.D.
- Goo; " Greek Embassy to Baghdad in A.D.