- And the very large and important Diyala, a little below Bagdad, at 33° 15' N.
- At Bagdad it has an average breadth of about 200 yards and a current in flood time of about 44 m.
- Two lines of steamers, an English and a Turkish, furnish an inadequate service between Basra and Bagdad, but there is no steam navigation on the river above the latter city.
- From Bagdad downward, the course of the Tigris is peculiarly serpentine and shifting.
- The rafts used are the so-called kelleks, of wood supported on inflated skins, which are broken up at Bagdad, the wood sold and the skins carried back by caravan.