- The definition of Australia is the name of one of the seven continents of the world and includes the countries of Australia, New Guinea, the Aru Islands, and the Raja Ampat Islands.
- A continent that is in the southern hemisphere and located southwest of Asia is an example of Australia.
- A large country located east of the Indian Ocean and southwestern of the Pacific Ocean that includes Tasmania is an example of Australia.
Night view of Adelaide's skyline, the capital of Southern Australia.Licensed from iStockPhoto
- island continent in the Southern Hemisphere between the S Pacific and Indian oceans
- country comprising this continent and Tasmania: a member of the Commonwealth: 2,970,000 sq mi (7,682,000 sq km); pop. 16,800,000; cap. Canberraofficial name Commonwealth of Australia
Origin: Modern Latin ; from Classical Latin (terra) australis, southern (land): see austral
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- The world's smallest continent, southeast of Asia between the Pacific and Indian oceans.
- A commonwealth comprising the continent of Australia, the island state of Tasmania, two external territories, and several dependencies. The first British settlement, a penal colony at Port Jackson (now part of Sydney), was established in 1788. The present-day states grew as separate colonies; six of them formed a federation in 1901. In 1911 Northern Territory joined the commonwealth and the Capital Territory, site of Canberra, was created. Canberra is the capital and Sydney is the largest city. Population: 20,400,000.
Australia - Cultural Definition
- The first settlements there were penal colonies for British convicts.
- Its aboriginal tribes, which still exist today (see aborigines), are thought to have migrated from Southeast Asia twenty thousand years ago.