SIR AUSTEN HENRY LAYARD (1817-1894), British author and diplomatist, the excavator of Nineveh, was born in Paris on the 5th of March 1817.
Through his mother, a daughter of Nathaniel Austen, banker, of Ramsgate, he inherited Spanish blood.
After spending nearly six years in the office of his uncle, Benjamin Austen, a solicitor, he was tempted to leave England for Ceylon by the prospect of obtaining an appointment in the civil service, and he started in 1839 with the intention of making an overland journey across Asia.
Roberts-Austen pointed out that surfusion might be easily measured in metals and in alloys by the sensitive method of recording pyrometry perfected by him.
C. Roberts-Austen introduced it at the London mint; and it has also been used at Pretoria.