- Aryan means something relating to the group of people who lived during the time of or descended from the early Indo-European languages.
Resham is an Aryan movie star.
- The definition of an Aryan is a person, described by the Nazis as a member of the master race, who was non-Jewish and had Nordic features.
During the Nazi regime, people of Northern European descent were examples of those considered to be Aryans.
- Aryan is described as a member or descendant of the early speakers of Indo-European languages.
The Pakistani movie star Resham is an example of a famous Aryan.
- Obs. designating or of the Indo-European language family
- Obs. Indo-Iranian
- of the Aryans
Origin of Aryanfrom Sanskrit ?zya-, noble (used as tribal name to distinguish from indigenous races) from source Avestan airya-nam, Iran; uncertain or unknown; perhaps akin to Classical Greek aristos, best or Hittite arawa-, free
- Obs. the hypothetical parent language of the Indo-European family
- a person belonging to, or supposed to be a descendant of, the prehistoric peoples that spoke this language: Aryan has no technical currency as an ethnological term, but it has been so used, notoriously by the Nazis, to mean “a Caucasoid of non-Jewish descent,” “a person of Nordic descent,” etc.
- A member of the people who spoke the parent language of the Indo-European languages. No longer in technical use.
- A member of any people speaking an Indo-European language. No longer in technical use.
- In Nazism and neo-Nazism, a non-Jewish Caucasian, especially one of Nordic type, supposed to be part of a master race.
Origin of AryanFrom Sanskrit ārya- compatriot, ethnic self-designation of the Indo-Iranians of ancient India
- (theosophy, Germanic mysticism, nazism) A member of an (alleged) master race comprised of non-Jewish Caucasians, especially those of Nordic or Germanic descent.
- (Nazi or white supremacist ideology, informal) A person of Caucasian ethnicity; a white non-Jew.
- (chiefly US, informal, euphemistic) A Caucasian racist, often one who is an Aryan in the first sense.
- (dated) An Indo-European, a Proto-Indo-European.
- (dated) An Indo-Iranian.
- 1900, Frank Moore Colby, Outlines of General History
- The surest principle of classification is based on language, but the results must be tested by a study of the physical characteristics of the various races. According to this method of classification, the races of the world may be divided as follows: Aryan, Semitic, Hamitic, Turanian, Negroid. The name Caucasian is generally applied to the first three divisions, — Aryans, Semites, and Hamites. Aryan. — This includes the ancient Hindus […] the Persians, Greeks, Italians, Celts, Teutons, and Slavs.
- In popular conception, the Aryan racial type is marked by having blond hair and blue eyes. These are not criteria of any of the technical racial definitions.
- Using the technical meanings of the term ‘Aryan’ (Indo-Iranian, Indo-European, Proto-Indo-European, or a subdivision of the Caucasian race) could be misleading and dangerous, as the Nazi and neo-Nazi ideological usages, with their connotations, are the only widely understood meanings of the term in modern English.
- Neo-Nazi users generally do not intend the term to be pejorative, however, it can be taken as such outside of the neo-Nazi community, because of the term’s heavy use by and association with the Nazis; the implication is that non-Aryans are inferior. The word is highly-charged, because this thinking is widely considered to have lead to the Holocaust.
- Due to the fact that the racial senses of the term are, outside of academic contexts and historical or ethnographic discussions, used primarily by racists of Caucasian ethnicity, the term is sometimes used by non-Nazi speakers as a euphemism for ‘White racist’ (see the talk page for an example scenario).
- Today, the term ‘Aryan’ is used primarily by neo-Nazis and white supremacists, or in discussing the ideology and racial theories of Nazism, a mid-twentieth-century racist political movement that considered Aryans (in the first sense) to be the master race, neo-Nazism, and other white supremacist movements and organizations. The term is therefore strongly associated with such ideologies, to the point that it is sometimes euphemistically used to refer to or describe them. Because of this, and because the term carries a strong emotional charge, the technical senses are perhaps best avoided outside of academic contexts where they are certain to be understood, and the racial senses connected with Nazism are perhaps best avoided altogether.
- Pertaining, in racial theories, to the (alleged) Aryan master race.
- (neo-Nazi or white supremacist ideology, informal) Pertaining to the Caucasian ethnicity.
- (US, informal, euphemistic) Pertaining to Caucasian racists or their organisations, theories, etc.
- Of or pertaining to Indo-Iranian peoples, cultures, and languages.
- (dated) Of or pertaining to Indo-European peoples, cultures and languages.
- The language of the original Aryans.
From Sanskrit आर्य (ā́rya, “noble" or "noble one”), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *arya-, the original Indo-Iranian autonym. Borrowed into English in the 19th century, at first as a term for the Indo-Iranian languages, and later partly extended to the Indo-European languages and peoples following a theory by Friedrich Schlegel that connected the Indo-Iranian words arya / ā́rya with German Ehre (“honor”) and some older Germanic names, thus assuming that it was the original Indo-European autonym meaning "the honorable people". The original meaning of the Indo-Iranian autonym and its possible Indo-European origin/cognates are disputed (see the Wikipedia article for further details).
Same Proto-Indo-Iranian root is the ultimate source of the country name Iran.