Armenia[är mēn′yə, -mē′nē ə; for 4, -mā′nē ə, -mān′yə]
Webster's New World College Dictionary Copyright © 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio.
- region & former kingdom of W Asia, south of the Caucasus Mts.: now divided between Turkey, Iran, and present-day Armenia
- Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic
- country in W Asia: became independent upon the breakup of the U.S.S.R. (1991): 11,490 sq mi (29,759 sq km); pop. 3,305,000; cap. Yerevan: formerly, Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic
- city in WC Colombia: pop. 212,000
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- A region and former kingdom of Asia Minor that included present-day Armenia and part of northeast Turkey and northwest Iran. Established in the eighth century B.C., it was probably the first state to adopt Christianity as a national religion (c. A.D. 303).
- A country of Asia Minor east of Turkey and north of Iran. Acquired by Russia from Persia in 1828, it became a Soviet republic in 1921 and was a constituent republic of the USSR, known as the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, from 1936 to 1991. Yerevan is the capital. Population: 2,970,000.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
A city of west-central Colombia west of Bogotá. It is an industrial center and transportation hub. Population: 279,000.
Armenia - Cultural Definition
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
- The former kingdom of Armenia included the present country, northeastern Turkey, and the northwest corner of Iran.
- Throughout their 2,500-year history, the Armenian people have been repeatedly invaded and oppressed by more powerful neighboring empires, which have included Greeks, Persians, Byzantines, Huns, Arabs, Mongols, Ottoman Turks, and Russians.
- Between 1894 and 1920, Armenians were the victims of a massacre organized by the Turks (see Armenian Massacres).
- In 1920, the Soviet Union annexed Armenia, but animosity remained strong between Armenians and Russians. When the Soviet Union began to crumble in 1991, Armenia was one of the first non-Baltic Soviet republics to declare its independence.
- Mainly Christian, Armenia has been involved in a bloody border dispute with neighboring Azerbaijan, which is mainly Muslim.