a dialect or group of dialects of ancient Greek spoken chiefly in Aeolis, Boeotia, and Thessaly
- A group of dialects of ancient Greek spoken by the Aeolians. Also called Aeolian.
- Any of several verse forms built around a central choriamb, used especially by Sappho, Alcaeus, and their imitators.
From Latin aeolicus, from Ancient Greek αἰολικός (aiolikos) or Αἰολικός (Aiolikos, “like the Aeolians”).