A frame hut covered with matting, as of bark or brush, used by nomadic Native Americans of North America.
A small, temporary dwelling or shelter of grass, brush, etc. over a frame, traditionally used by Indian peoples of the Great Basin and SW U.S.
Any crude shack or shelter.
Origin of wickiup
- Fox wi·kiya·pi house from Proto-Algonquian wi·kiwa·ʔmi
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
- Though wickiups were built by many Native American peoples, the word apparently comes from a form like wiikiyaapi or wikiyapy meaning "lodge" or "house" in Fox, or wickiop (“house") in Menominee. Wickiup-like structures can found throghout the Southwestern United States, and terms similar to wickiupare present "among Native Americans in Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Idaho, and California".
- Either way, its ultimate origin is the Proto-Algonquian root *wiÂ·kiwaÂ·Ê”mi (“house").
- Alternatively, the term may be a variant of wikiwam (“wigwam").