(historical) The name used from the second half of the 19th century until 1924 for the section of Russian Empire to the east of the Caspian Sea.
Origin of transcaspia
From trans- + Caspia, from the fact that in the early 20th century the easiest way to reach it from central Russia or Transcaucasia was across the Caspian Sea, by boat.
Transcaspia Sentence Examples
Without the pilgrims who come to visit it, Meshed would be a poor place, but lying on the eastern confines of Persia, close to Afghanistan, Russian Central Asia and Transcaspia, at the point where a number of trade routes converge, it is very important politically, and the British and Russian governments have maintained consulates-general there since 1889.
The average number of women to every 100 men in the Russian governments proper was 102.9; in Poland, 98.6; in Finland, 102.2; in Caucasia, 88.9; in Siberia, 93'7; and in Turkestan and Transcaspia, 83 o.
Owing to its excellent harbour Baku is a chief depot for merchandise coming from Persia and Transcaspia - raw cotton, silk, rice, wine, fish, dried fruit and timber - and for Russian manufactured goods.
It is the chief place of the district of same name, which extends in the west to the borders of Shahrud and Astarabad; in the north it is bounded by Russian Transcaspia, ih the east by Kuchan, and in the south by Jovain.