Under the head of malformations we place cases of atrophy of parts or general dwarfing, due to starvation, the attacks of Fungi or minute insects, the presence of unsuitable food-materials and so on, as well as cases of transformation of stamens into petals, carpels into leaves, and so forth.
Exclusively female flowers without stamens do not appear to have been observed.
The vivid scarlet single form flowers open to reveal bright yellow stamens at their heart.
The five stamens alternate in position with the lobes of the corolla.
This arrangement may be understood by reference to the following diagram, representing the relative position of the stamens in orchids generally and in Cypripedium.