Saponification definitions

sə-pŏn'ə-fĭ-kā'shən
A reaction in which an ester is heated with an alkali, such as sodium hydroxide, producing a free alcohol and a carboxylate salt, especially alkaline hydrolysis of a fat or oil to make soap.
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The conversion of an ester heated with an alkali into the corresponding alcohol and acid salt; specif., this process carried out with fats (glyceryl esters) to produce soap.
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(chemistry) The hydrolysis of an ester under basic conditions to form an alcohol and the salt of the acid.
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The reaction of a metallic alkali (base) with a fat or oil to form soap.
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