- among the ancient Jews, every seventh year, in which, according to Mosaic law, the land and vineyards were to remain fallow and debtors were to be released
- sabbatical leave
sabbatical yearsabbatical year
- A leave of absence from one's regular work responsibilities, usually with pay, for research, rest, or recreation. Many university professors are granted a sabbatical every seventh year.
- often Sabbatical year A year during which land remains fallow, observed every seven years by Jewish farmers in Israel.
(plural sabbatical years)
- A year of rest for the land observed every seven years in ancient Judea, which included allowing the fields to lie without tilling, sowing, or reaping from one autumn to the next in accordance with a Levitical commandment.
- A leave, often with full or half pay granted (as every seventh year) to one holding an administrative or professional position for rest, travel, or research.