Prothesis meaning

prŏthĭ-sĭs
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(linguistics) The addition of a phoneme or syllable at the beginning of a word, as in Spanish espina, “thorn,” from Latin spina.
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(gram.) The addition of a syllable or phoneme to the beginning of a word.
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(linguistics) The prepending of phonemes at the beginning of a word without changing its morphological structure, as in nother, from other (“a whole nother thing"), or Spanish esfera from Latin sphaera (“sphere").
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A type of preparatory ceremony, part of the Divine Liturgy of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
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Origin of prothesis

  • Greek prefixing from protithenai prothe- to put before pro- before pro–2 tithenai to put dhē- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Late Latin prothesis, prosthesis, alteration from Ancient Greek πρόσθεσις (prósthesis, “addition of a letter in the beginning of a word, augmentation") (English prosthesis). However, often confused for a descendant of the Ancient Greek word πρόθεσις (próthesis, “a preposing, preposition"), which is instead the source of a different term - see alternative etymology, below.

    From Wiktionary

  • From Ancient Greek πρόθεσις (próthesis, “a preposing").

    From Wiktionary