in Esztergom, the primatial city, there were only two buildings still standing.
The primatial see was placed at Malines (Mechlin), having under it Antwerp, Hertogenbosch, Roermond, Ghent, Bruges, and Ypres constituting the Flemish province; the second archbishopric was at Cambray, with Tournay, Arras, St Omer, and Namur, - the Walloon province; the third at Utrecht, with Haarlem, Middleburg, Leeuwarden, Groningen and Deventer, - the northern (Dutch) province.
In France the primatial sees and the course of appeals to them were well established (Fournier, p. 2 19).
Its bishopric founded by St Trophimus in the 1st century, was in the 5th century the primatial see of Gaul; it was suppressed in 1790.
On the death of Archbishop James Beaton in 1539, the cardinal was raised to the primatial see of Scotland.