Precocial meaning

prĭ-kō'shəl
Hatched or born with the eyes open, a covering of down or hair, and the ability to search for food. Used of birds and mammals.
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Designating or of birds whose newly hatched young are covered with down and fully active.
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Born or hatched in a condition requiring relatively little parental care, as by having hair or feathers, open eyes, and the ability to move about. Water birds, reptiles, and herd animals usually have precocial young.
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(zoology, of birds) Hatched from the egg already covered in down and with eyes open; capable of leaving the nest within a few days.

2012, Karen L Krijgsveld, Behavioural and physiological adaptations of precocial chicks to arctic environments:Being precocial, shorebird chicks leave the nest soon after hatching to forage by themselves, but, as they are not yet homeothermic, they lose bodyweight while foraging and must be rewarmed by their parents at regular intervals.

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Origin of precocial

  • From New Latin praecocēs precocial birds from pl. of Latin praecox premature precocious
    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
  • From Latin praecŏcÄ­a (“places where fruits ripen early")
    From Wiktionary