Pre-socratic meaning

prē'sō-krăt'ĭk, -sə-
Of or relating to the Greek philosophers or philosophical systems of thought before Socrates.
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A pre-Socratic philosopher.
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Designating or of the Greek philosophers before Socrates, often, specif., those whose philosophy was cosmological and ontological in emphasis.
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A pre-Socratic philosopher.
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(historical) Existing in Ancient Greece before the flourishing of the philosopher Socrates (circa 469-399 BC).
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(historical) Any one of the pre-Socratic philosophers, viz. Thales (circa 624-546 BC), Anaximander (circa 610-546 BC), Anaximenes (circa 585-525 BC), Pythagoras (circa 576-495 BC), Xenophanes (circa 570-480 BC), Heraclitus (circa 535-475 BC), Parmenides (early-5th century BC), Anaxagoras (circa 500-428 BC), Empedocles (circa 490-430 BC), and Democritus (circa 460-370 BC).
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