Ophiolite meaning

ŏfē-ə-līt, ōfē-
Any of a group of rocks, especially mafic and ultramafic igneous rocks, thought to have formed during crustal thinning at a mid-ocean ridge and to have been subsequently thrust onto continental crust.
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A widespread rock formation containing a mixture of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks, thought to be the result of sea-floor rifting or crustal plate collisions.
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(geology) An assemblage of mafic and ultramafic rock fragments of the ocean lithosphere that has been tectonically moved onto a continental margin or island.
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Origin of ophiolite

  • Greek ophis snake –lite

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Ancient Greek ὄφις (ophis, “serpent") + -lite

    From Wiktionary