Motherhouse meaning

mŭthər-hous
The headquarters of a religious community.
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The motherhouse is the founding house of a religious order, or the convent where the mother superior lives.

A monastery from which a religion was born and where the religious leaders now live is an example of a motherhouse.

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The convent in which the mother superior of a religious community lives.
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The original convent of a religious community.
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A monastery or other religious house from which one or more additional religious houses have been founded.
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The monastery from which the other 'houses' of a religious order or congregation were (directly or indirectly) founded, often eponymous.

The Cistercian order is called after its motherhouse Cîteaux in Burgundy, where abbot St. Bernard initiated in 1113 the reform of their former branch of the Benedictine order, which has its motherhouse at Monte Cassino.

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The convent which is the seat (often the above original foundation) of the superior of an order or congregation, and/or on which lower ranking houses (such as priories under an abbot) depend.
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Origin of motherhouse