The principal landowners, who reside in fortified houses, are all Moslems; their estates are cultivated on the metayer system.
The population in 1905 was about 60,000 (Moslems 7000, Christians 13,000, Jews 40,000).
The population of the island comprises 7000 Moslems, 21,000 Christians, and 2000 Jews.
On the collapse of the rebellion he fled to Turkey, adopted Mahommedanism, and under the name of Murad Pasha served as governor of Aleppo, at which place, at the risk of his life, he saved the Christian population from being massacred by the Moslems. Here he died on the 6th of September 1850.