The principal landowners, who reside in fortified houses, are all Moslems; their estates are cultivated on the metayer system.
The population is now estimated at about 3500 Moslems and 6500 Christians; there are numerous schools, hospitals, &c., conducted by Greeks, Latins and Protestants.
The population in 1905 was about 60,000 (Moslems 7000, Christians 13,000, Jews 40,000).
Under the Moslems (1890); Fergusson, Temples of the Jews (1878); Hayter Lewis, Holy Places of Jerusalem(' 888); Churches of Constantine at Jerusalem (1891); Guthe, "Ausgrabungen in Jer.," in Zeitschrift d.
The population of the island comprises 7000 Moslems, 21,000 Christians, and 2000 Jews.