MATERA, a city of Basilicata, Italy, in the province of Potenza, from which it is 68 m.
The principal building is the cathedral of the archbishopric of Acerenza and Matera, formed in 1203 by the union of the two bishoprics, dating respectively from 300 and 398.
Under the Normans Matera was a countship for William Bras de Fer and his successors.
The chief towns are Potenza (pop. 1901, 16,186), Avigliana (18,313), Matera (17, 237), Melfi (14,649), Rionero in Vulture (11,809), Lauria (10,099).