Mastaba meaning

măs'tə-bə
An ancient Egyptian tomb with a rectangular base, sloping sides, and a flat roof.
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A wide stone bench built into the wall of a house, shop etc. in the Middle East.
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(architecture) A rectangular structure with a flat top and slightly sloping sides, built during Ancient Egyptian times above tombs that were situated on flat land. Mastabas were made of wood, mud bricks, stone, or a combination of these materials. Some are solid structures, while others can contain one or more rooms, sometimes decorated with paintings or inscriptions.

The pyramids at Giza are flanked by large cemeteries containing hundreds of mastabas.

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An oblong structure with a flat roof and sloping sides, built over the opening of a mummy chamber or burial pit in ancient Egypt and used as a tomb.
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Origin of mastaba

  • Arabic masṭaba, maṭṭaba stone bench from Aramaic masṭabtā, maṭṭabtā bench, dais perhaps from Greek stibas bed of straw, bed, grave or perhaps of Iranian origin perhaps akin to Persian satāvand portico, balcony
    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
  • From Arabic مِصْطَبَة (misTabat, “bench").
    From Wiktionary