It originated with Mahommed ibn Tumart, a member of the Masmuda, a Berber tribe of the Atlas.
Mahommed in fact represented a revolt against the anthropomorphism of commonplace Mahommedan orthodoxy, but he was a rigid predestinarian and a strict observer of the law.
In 1415 it was recovered by the Turks under Mahommed I., and since that period has belonged to the Ottoman empire.
Mahommed Abdul Mouneim, the heir-apparent, was born on the 10th of February 1899.
So great was the strength of the fortifications that Mahommed II.