was fain to sign terms of peace with Bonaparte at Tolentino, practically ceding the northern part of his states, known as the Legations.
At the same time an Austrian army was marching through the Legations, and Neapolitan and Spanish troops were advancing from the south.
In the Austrian provinces and in the duchies it carried all before it, and gained many adherents in the Legations, Rome and Naples, although in the latter regions the autonomist feeling was still strong even among the Liberals.
At the same time the Austrians evacuated the Legations and Cardinal Milesi, the papal representative, departed.
Peking suffered severely during the Boxer movement and the siege of the legations in the summer of 1900.