A city of west-central Honshu, Japan, north-northeast of Osaka. Founded in the eighth century, it has long been a cultural, artistic, and religious center. Kyoto was Japan's capital from 794 until 1868, although its political importance declined after the rise of the shoguns (1192).
City in S Honshu, Japan: former capital of Japan (794-1869)
Origin of kyoto
From Japanese 京都 (kyōto, “capital”), from Middle Chinese 京都 (kjæng-tu, “capital [of a country]”) (compare Mandarin 京都 (jīngdū)).