He urged ineffectually a national militia system,.
In 1667 it was ineffectually bombarded by the Dutch.
In 1647 it was ineffectually besieged by the Swedes.
With an army of 80,000 men he marched through Khorasan and Seistan to Kandahar, which city he blockaded ineffectually for a year; but it finally capitulated on the loss of the citadel.
He resigned on the 4th of June 1892, on the eve of the meeting of the Republican national convention, wherein his name was ineffectually used, and he died at Washington, D.C., on the 27th of January 1893.