They were backed up by formerly Liberal Bavarian journals which had been bought up by the Prussian great industrialists.
Grand new buildings were also built by wealthy industrialists such as Lord Armstrong at Cragside.
The workers were promised an eight hour day while an inquiry into the profits made by the industrialists during World War One was dropped.
These self-improving working men's adult education colleges were often funded by wealthy local industrialists.
His career in business was very impressive, setting up and chairing many industry associations to become one of Britains leading industrialists.