Region in S Asia, south of the Himalayas, including a large peninsula between the Arabian Sea & the Bay of Bengal: it contains the republic of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, & Bhutan.
A peninsula and subcontinent of southern Asia south of the Himalaya Mountains, occupied by India, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
A country of southern Asia covering most of the Indian subcontinent. Aryans from the northwest invaded c. 1500 bc , pushing Dravidian and other peoples to the south. Most of India was unified by the emperor Asoka in the 3rd century bc . It experienced a golden age in the 4th and 5th centuries ad before being invaded c. 1000 by Muslims and later by the Mongol conqueror Baber, who established the Mughal empire (1526–1857). Various European powers established trading posts in the 16th and 17th centuries, with the British East India Company assuming authority over most of the country by the early 19th century. A widespread rebellion sparked by the mutiny of native troops in 1857 led to the establishment of direct rule by the British crown in 1858. In the 20th century, India gained its independence from Great Britain (1947) following a campaign of civil disobedience led by the pacifist Mohandas Gandhi. Its concomitant partition into the separate countries of India and Pakistan resulted in a tumultuous migration of Muslims to Pakistan and Hindus and Sikhs to India in which approximately one million people died. New Delhi is the capital, and Mumbai is the largest city.
Republic in the central & S part of this region: established by the British Parliament (1947), it became a republic in 1950: member of the Commonwealth: 1,269,346 sq mi (3,287,590 sq km); cap. New Delhi.
From LatinIndia, from Ancient Greek Ἰνδία (India), from Ἰνδός (Indos, “Indus River”), from Old Persian (hindūš) (Persian هند (Hend)) from Sanskritसिन्धु (síndhu, “a river, stream”).
Holmes, Four Heroes of India (1892); G.
As regards their present distribution in India, elephants are found along the foot of the Himalaya as far west as the valley of Dehra-Dun, where the winter temperature falls to a comparatively low point.
The centre of interest now shifts to the India House and to the British parliament.
The manufacture is chiefly carried out in India, Persia and the Balkans; the last named supplying the bulk of the European demand.
Meanwhile, the affairs of the East India Company had come under the consideration of parliament.