Incumbent definition

ĭn-kŭmbənt
Frequency:
Lying, resting, or pressing with its weight on something else.
adjective
7
3
Imposed as an obligation or duty; obligatory.

Felt it was incumbent on us all to help.

adjective
1
0
Lying, leaning, or resting on something else.

Incumbent rock strata.

adjective
1
0
Currently holding a specified office.

The incumbent mayor.

adjective
1
0
Incumbent is defined as the person who is already in an elected office.

An example of incumbent is the person who is currently the president.

noun
1
1
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The definition of incumbent is laying on top of something.

An example of incumbent is a cat lounging on its sleeping owner.

adjective
0
0
A person who holds an office or ecclesiastical benefice.

The incumbent was reelected to another term.

noun
0
0
Imposed on someone as an obligation, especially due to one's office.

Proper behavior is incumbent on all holders of positions of trust.

adjective
0
0
Lying; resting; reclining; recumbent.
adjective
0
0
(botany, geology) Resting on something else; in botany, said of anthers when lying on the inner side of the filament, or of cotyledons when the radicle lies against the back of one of them.

adjective
0
0
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(zoology) Bent downwards so that the ends touch, or rest on, something else.

The incumbent toe of a bird.

adjective
0
0
Being the current holder of an office or a title.

If the incumbent senator dies, he is replaced by a person appointed by the governor.

adjective
0
0
The current holder of an office, such as ecclesiastical benefice or an elected office.
noun
0
0
(business) A holder of a position as supplier to a market or market segment that allows the holder to earn above-normal profits.
noun
0
0
The holder of an office or benefice.
noun
1
2
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Currently in office.
adjective
1
4
incumbent on
  • depending upon as a duty or obligation
idiom
1
0

Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
incumbent
Plural:
incumbents

Idioms and Phrasal Verbs

incumbent on

Origin of incumbent

  • Middle English holder of an office from Medieval Latin incumbēns incumbent- from Latin present participle of incumbere to lean upon, apply oneself to in- on in–2 -cumbere to recline

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle English, from stem incumbent-, of Medieval Latin incumbēns (“holder of a church position”), from Latin present participle of incumbō (“I lie down upon”).

    From Wiktionary