Origin of herpesClassical Latin from Classical Greek herp?s, literally , a creeping, herpes from herpein, to creep: see serpent
- Herpes 1 (HSV-1) is called oral herpes because visible symptoms appear as cold sores on the mouth or face. It is the most common form of herpes.
- Herpes 2 (HSV-2) is called genital herpes because it causes sores in the genital area and on the thighs.
- Once a person has been infected with the herpes simplex virus, it stays in the body forever. At the present time, there is no cure for herpes.
- The number of outbreaks for both types tends to decrease over time, so the longer you have it, the fewer number of recurrences.
- Infection occurs from direct contact with an infected person.
- HSV-2 (genital) recurs more frequently than HSV-1 (oral), HSV-1 (genital), and HSV-2 (oral).
- Many people with oral herpes (HSV-1) get it when they are children and by the time they are adults, it is so mild that they don’t consider it a health problem.
- Most people get genital herpes as teens or adults and in the first year will have between four and six outbreaks.
The definition of herpes is a highly-infectious virus called the herpes simplex virus which creates sores on the body.
Facts About Herpes
An example of herpes is a virus that creates cold sores and fever blisters.
Origin of herpesMiddle English from Latin herpēs from Greek from herpein to creep
From Latin herpes, from Ancient Greek ἕρπης (herpēs, “herpes; literally, a creeping”), from ἕρπειν (herpein, “to creep”).
herpes - Medical Definition
- her·pet′ic (hər-pĕt′ĭk)
- Some children have a serious primary (first episode) herpes infection called gingivostomatitis, which causes fever, swollen lymph glands, and several blisters inside the mouth and on the lips and tongue that may form large, open sores.
- The herpes family of viruses share some common characteristics, including the capacity for long life, going into a dormant phase that in some cases can literally last decades following infection, having an affinity for nerve tissue.
- As of 2004, two relatively newer drugs for treatment of shingles are valacyclovir (Valtrex) and famciclovir (Famvir), both of which stop the replication of herpes zoster when administered within 72 hours of appearance of the rash.
- Herpes simplex virus: The symptoms of genital herpes include burning and itching of the genital area, blisters or sores on the genitals, discharge from the vagina or penis, and/or flu-like symptoms such as headache and fever.
- If there is no relief of symptoms in 48 to 72 hours, or there is moderate to severe eye pain, changes in vision, or the conjunctivitis is suspected to be caused by herpes simplex, a physician should be notified immediately.