Halicarnassus. (n.d.). In YourDictionary. Retrieved from https://www.yourdictionary.com/Halicarnassus
An ancient Greek city of southwest Asia Minor on the Aegean Sea in present-day Turkey. In the fourth century BC. Queen Artemisia built a magnificent tomb here for her husband, King Mausolus. His mausoleum was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
As Dionysius of Halicarnassus (Judicium de Thucydide, c. 23) distinctly states that the work current in his time under the name of Cadmus was a forgery, it is most probable that the two first are identical with the Phoenician Cadmus, who, as the reputed inventor of letters, was subsequently transformed into the Milesian and the author of an historical work.
Cnidus and Halicarnassus on the coast were colonized by Dorians.
At Halicarnassus (q.v.) the Mausoleum, the monument erected by Artemisia to her husband Mausolus, about 360 B.C., was excavated by Sir C. T.
Newton, History of Discoveries at Cnidus, Halicarnassus and Branchidae).
But his capital, Halicarnassus, was taken after a siege, and the principality of Caria conferred by Alexander on Ada, a princess of the native dynasty.