Sixty-seven trials were identified: 25 trials of oat products; 17 of psyllium; 7 of pectin; and 18 of guar gum.
Results Soluble fiber from oat products, psyllium, pectin and guar gum lowered total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol by a small amount.
Xanthan gum is made by fermenting simple sugars using a particular bacteria, whereas guar gum is a natural part of the guar bean.
The most popular substitute for xanthan gum is guar gum.
For gluten-free cooking, guar gum can be used in baking, making salad dressings, for thickening sauces and in the creation of frozen desserts.